According to recent studies, less than 20 percent of them are employable. Almost 95% of them can’t code, said a report by Aspiring Minds. The problem is low-quality education and outdated syllabus without any practical knowledge.
There is a glut of engineers in the country and most of them are not employable. Old problems of low-quality education and outdated curricula have become more pronounced with automation and emerging technology reshaping businesses.
The problem that has been growing for the last nearly two decades is the over-capacity of colleges.
That's why the All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) wants to close down about 800 engineering colleges across India. There are no takers for their seats, and admissions are plunging in these institutions every year.
Nearly 150 colleges are closed down voluntarily every year due to stricter AICTE rules. According to a rule of the council, colleges that lack proper infrastructure and report less than 30% admissions for five consecutive years will have to be shut down. AICTE has approved the progressive closure of more than 410 colleges across India, from 2014-15 to 2017-18.
“The major reason for a fewer number of students being able to do coding is non-availability of experienced faculties. And the syllabus is too packed up, it does not allow time for students to understand languages and in-depth coding”, said Saurav Singh, JSSATE Noida B. Tech graduate, who can code in C language.
“Lack of programming skills is adversely impacting the IT and data science ecosystem in India. The world is moving towards introducing programming to three-year-old! India needs to catch up,” Aspiring Minds CTO and co-founder Varun Aggarwal said.
Moreover, programming skills are five times poorer for tier III colleges as compared to tier 1 colleges. “Sixty nine per cent of candidates from top 100 colleges are able to write a compilable code versus rest of the colleges where only 31 per cent are able to write a compilable code,” the report said.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi's dream project of 'Make in India' is hobbled by lack of employable graduates. The project aspires to increase manufacturing capacity in India and generate 100 million jobs by 2022. That's too difficult with the kind of graduates our engineering colleges churn out.
India's much-touted demographic dividend, which can help India compete with China in manufacturing in near future, will turn into a burden if employbility of graduates does not go up. The jobs sector is already in stress. If the quality of skilled labour does not improve, latest technology that requires updated learning would cause a huge unemployment crisis.
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